A fracture often called a crack, or a break, is a broken bone. Anyone at any age can suffer from a bone fracture, a prevalent ailment. Ask your doctor about a bone density screening if you are above 50 or have a family history of osteoporosis.
Traumas like falls, auto accidents, or sports injuries frequently result in fractures. However, some medical issues and repetitive motions (like running) can raise your chance of developing a certain kind of fracture. There are numerous methods to partially or fracture a bone.
So today, we will discuss the different types of fractures and how they differ from other orthopedic injuries. If you have a bone fracture or any other orthopedic issue, book an appointment with a doctor at the Miot Hospital Chennai through the Credihealth website.
What are the different types of fractures?
Fractures come in a wide variety of forms. Your doctor will determine the sort of fracture you have based on a few factors, such as:
- Pattern: The word “fracture pattern” in medicine refers to the appearance or shape of a break.
- Cause: How some fractures occur is categorized.
- Body part: The location of the bone break in your body.
Fractures identified by pattern or structure
The pattern of some fractures is used to categorize them. This can either be a break’s orientation (if it runs in a straight line across your bone) or shape (if there are multiple line breaks).
Among the fractures with a single straight-line break are:
- Oblique fractures.
- Transverse fractures.
- Longitudinal fractures(fractures that occur along a bone’s length)
Bones can fracture in a variety of ways other than in a single straight line, including:
- Greenstick fractures.
- Comminuted fractures.
- Segmental fractures.
- Spiral fractures.
Fractures determined by their underlying causes
A few fracture forms have names or classifications based on their causes. These consist of the following:
- Stress fractures (also known as hairline fractures).
- Avulsion fractures.
- Buckle fractures (also known as a torus or impacted fractures).
Fractures determined by location
Numerous fractures are unique to the location in your body where they occur. Location-based fractures can occasionally be one of the other types mentioned above. For instance, a comminuted tibia (shin bone) fracture could occur after a hard fall.
People’s chest, arms, and upper bodies may sustain fractures such as:
- Clavicle fractures (broken collarbones).
- Shoulder fractures.
- Humerus (upper arm bone) fractures.
- Elbow fractures.
- Rib fractures.
- Compression fractures.
- Facial fractures.
Your hands or wrists may suffer from the following fractures:
- Barton fractures.
- Chauffeur fractures.
- Colles fractures.
- Smith fractures.
- Scaphoid fractures.
- Metacarpal fractures(fracturing any of the hand bones that connect the wrist to the fingers)
The following types of fractures harm the bones in your legs and lower body:
- Pelvic fractures.
- Acetabular fractures.
- Hip fractures.
- Femur fractures.
- Patella fractures.
- Growth plate fractures.
- Tibia (your shin bone) and fibula (your calf bone) fractures.
Foot and ankle fractures are more prone to result in problems like nonunion. They consist of the following:
- Calcaneal stress fractures.
- Fifth metatarsal fractures.
- Jones fractures.
- Lisfranc fractures.
- Talus fractures.
- Trimalleolar fractures.
- Pilon fractures.
Bruise versus fracture of the bone
Both bone fractures and bone bruises are excruciating wounds by a powerful force striking your body, typically due to a fall, auto accident, or sports injury. The difference is the degree of bone injury.
Your bones are susceptible to bruises in many of the same ways as your skin. Bruising a bone is similar to bruising your skin; however, it takes far more effort. Your bones can bleed without being shattered if an impact is strong enough. A bone bruise is caused by blood trapped beneath the bone’s surface.
When something strikes your bone hard enough to break it in at least one location, in addition to damaging it, it results in a bone fracture. Compared to bone bruising, fractures are more significant and can take longer to heal.
Go to the emergency department or see your provider as soon as possible if you’ve been injured and have pain on or near a bone. Regardless of your injury type, it’s crucial to have your bone evaluated straight away.
Sprains versus bone fractures
Sprains and bone fractures are frequent sports injuries. If you fracture, you’ve shattered your bones. A bone cannot be sprained. A ligament is strained or torn.
You may also sustain a ligament sprain and a bone fracture if you hurt a joint, such as your knee or elbow.
Open versus closed fractures
Your healthcare professional will categorize your fracture as open or closed. Your bone breaks through your skin if you have an open fracture. Compound fractures are another name for open fractures.
Open fractures typically require more time to heal and have a higher risk of complications like infections. Although your bone doesn’t protrude through your skin, closed fractures are severe.
Non-displaced versus displaced fractures
Your doctor may also refer to your fracture as displaced or non-displaced. A displaced fracture happens when the pieces of your bone shift so much after it broke that a gap appears around the fracture.
Non-displaced fractures still result in shattered bones. However, the fragments weren’t dislodged far enough to cause alignment issues. The likelihood that a fracture will need surgery to be repaired is substantially higher.
How are fractures identified?
A physical examination and imaging studies will help your doctor determine whether you have a bone fracture. If you are admitted following a trauma, this may be done in the emergency room.
If you are rushed to the ER, medical professionals will stabilize and treat your wounds according to their seriousness, especially if some are life-threatening. Imaging studies will be required following stabilization to confirm any fractures.
- An X-ray will identify any fractures and demonstrate the degree of bone damage.
- Your doctor may use an MRI to obtain a complete view of the damage to your bones and the surrounding tissue. The ligaments and cartilage surrounding your bones will also be visible on an MRI.
- An X-ray cannot provide your doctor or surgeon with as detailed a picture of your bones and surrounding tissue as a CT scan can.
- Medical professionals utilize a bone scan to detect fractures that aren’t visible on an X-ray. This scan takes longer—typically two visits separated by four hours—but it can aid in discovering some fractures.
Bone fractures are frequent fractures. You might require surgery to fix a broken bone. Some people’s bones heal with a splint, cast, brace, or sling. Depending on which of your bones is broken, it will take some time to recover fully.
Most persons who break a bone recover entirely and can resume their routine and activities without any long-term effects. Take your time recovering. Although giving your body the time it requires to mend can be irritating, it is the best approach to prevent further bone damage while healing. Hopefully, this blog has helped you identify the different types of fractures. If you are suffering from a bone fracture, book an appointment with a doctor at the Miot Hospital Chennai through the Credihealth website.